TASK  22


Insert the appropriate expressions from the list given below (more than one may be correct), changing it to the correct part of speech where necessary, for each of the following gaps:

The Use of Email in

1. The graph shows

a. a / an ______________ rise in the use of email between 1998 and 2004.

b. that email use would have risen ___________ between 1998 and 2004.

c. the number of email users to have increased __________________ between 1998 and 2004.

d. the increase in email use between 1998 and 2002 to be __________.

          a great deal                    enormous                        significant

2.   In fact the number of adult users has _____________________ doubled in that time.

dramatic                   more than                 significant                    steady

3.   After the year 2002 it is expected that the growth rate will decline _________________.

a bit                    large                   significant                 steady





Select the best words from the list below to enter into the gaps in the         description that follows this graph, changing the parts of speech where necessary.


Japanese Marriages

There was a _________________ change in the type of marriage common in Japan between 1950 and 1990s. While in 1950 the number of love marriages was only __________________ 22%, by 1965 the number of such marriages had increased _________________ to 50% and by the 1990s there was even more ______________ trend away from arranged marriages, which had declined to _____________less than 15%. 


about                dramatically                    nearly                  noticeably                    rather                remarkably

Now replace the words used above with other from the lists that would be just as suitable.

(You will need a good teacher or native speaker to check you work as there are too many variations possible to put in an Answer Key.)





Supply any suitable expression for the gaps.

    The number of Internet-connected computers has risen ________________ since 1981.             Although the number more than doubled from 1981 to 1983, the figures at the stage were __________________ small, going from 213 to 562. However, as the rate continued to double, or even more than double in the following years, the growth rate no longer doubled each year. Nevertheless, by 1999 the number od Internet-connected computers in the world has risen, within a period of less than 20 years, from _____________________ 200 to _____________ 56 million. 


Note: Many students overuse and misuse modifiers. Remember that not every verb noun or verb needs to be modified, only those where the modifiers are really meaningful. Another common problem is exaggeration. Students sometimes like to use the word dramatic, for example, even when the change they are describing is not very sticking at all, and the word significant would be more suitable.

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