Now try this task

Complete the notes.

Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage for each answer.


Research shows: Need to train the ear to make it work well

Geographical research area:

  1 ________________


Examples of people with poor hearing:

  2 ________________

  3 ________________


And good hearing:

  4 ________________

  5 ________________


Most dangerous type of noise:

  6 ________________


A global survey has found that city dwellers have better hearing than people who live in quiet villages, and scientists now believe that the ear needs exercise to keep it in shape.

A team of scientists at the University of Giessen, Germany, has spent over a decade testing the hearing of more than 10,000 people around the world. As expected, people exposed to extremely loud noises at work, such as construction workers, had poor hearing. But the hearing of those living in quiet, rural areas, such as farmers, was just as bad. Orchestral musicians and airline pilots, by contrast, can usually hear well despite exposure to noise at work. And there is little difference between people who go to noisy concerts and those who do not.

Hearing specialists have long believed that prolonged exposure to excessively loud noise degrades hearing and so industrial standards are based on people’s average to sound energy. However, it is the very strong impulses, such as loud bangs, that do the most damage, whereas exposure to continual noise ‘trains’ the ear to tolerate it.

Find words in the passage that have similar meaning to the highlighted words in the notes.

Similar words in the question



good hearing

most dangerous

Similar words in the passage



examples = such as

good hearing = hear well

most dangerous = do the most damage

Answer to questions 1-6

1 the world/ global

2 – 3 construction workers, farmers (in any order)

4 – 5  orchestral musicians, airline pilots (in any order)

6 loud bangs

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