Compare sentences 1 to 4 with the underlined text. Answer:
True if the sentence confirms the statement in the text
False if the sentence contradicts the text
Not Given if it is impossible to know from the text
Scientists from the UK and USA have recently reported that over the last 30 years the incidence of Type 2 diabetes has more than doubled. They estimate that nearly 350 million adults worldwide now have the disease. In every country studied, rates of diabetes had either remained the same or increased. The rise has been particularly acute in the Pacific Islands with up to thirty per cent of women in some areas suffering from the condition.
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic progressive condition which occurs when there is too much glucose in the blood, either because the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or because cells have become resistant to insulin. Complications resulting from diabetes include damage to kidneys, blindness, heart disease and strokes.
The condition is associated with obesity; however, nearly three-quarters of the rise has been attributed to longer lifespans and better diagnosis. Having a close relative with the disease is also a risk factor.
1. More than twice as many adults have Type 2 diabetes as did thirty years ago.
2. Nearly a third of people in the Pacific Islands have diabetes.
3. Type 2 diabetes is a long-term illness which can be caused by insufficient insulin production.
4. The increase in Type 2 diabetes is partly due to greater life expectancy.
2 Not given